Black chalk and pencil on paper 735 x 586 mm Signed and dated Ensor 1882 lower right; also titled, inscribed and located 'Un charbonnier/à mon ami Albert Croquez/Ostende' bottom left
Albert Croquez, Paris Estate of Albert Croquez Private Collection, Pennsylvania.
Antwerp, Royal Museum of Fine Arts, James Ensor, 1960-1949, Retrospective, 1951 London, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, 1960 Knokke, Galerie Ronny Van de Velde, James Ensor- Fragments and echoes, 2017
Emile Verhaeren, Brussels, James Ensor, 1908, p.40 ill. Le Terrassier, 1982 Paul Fierens, James Ensor, Paris, 1943, p.37 ill. Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp, James Ensor, 1860-1949, Retrospective, 1951, cat. n° 28 Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, 1960, cat. n° 104 ill. Patrick Florizoone & Willem Coppejans, James Ensor, Fragmenten en echo's, Gallery Ronny Van de Velde, Knokke, 2017, p.82-83
Ensor's father, James Frederic Ensor, born in Brussels of English parents, was a cultivated man who studied engineering in England and Germany. Ensor's mother, was Belgian. James Ensor himself lacked interest in academic study and left school at the age of fifteen to begin his artistic training with two local painters. From 1877 to 1880, he attended the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels, where one of his fellow students was Fernand Khnopff. Ensor first exhibited his work in 1881. From 1880 until 1917, he had his studio in the attic of his parents' house. His only travels were three brief trips to Paris, London, and Holland.During the late 19th century much of his work was rejected as scandalous, particularly his painting Entry of Christ into Brussels (1888–89), but his paintings continued to be exhibited, and he gradually won acceptance and acclaim. In 1895 his painting The Lamp Boy (1880) was acquired by the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium in Brussels, and he had his first solo exhibition in Brussels. By 1920 he was the subject of major exhibitions; in 1929 he was named a Baron by King Albert, and was the subject of the Belgian composer Flor Alpaerts's "James Ensor Suite"; and in 1933 he was awarded the band of the Légion d'honneur. Even in the first decade of the 20th century, however, his production of new works was diminishing, and he increasingly concentrated on music—although he had no musical training, he was a gifted improviser on the harmonium, and spent much time performing for visitors.Against the advice of friends, he remained in Ostend during World War II despite the risk of bombardment. In his old age he was an honored figure among Belgians, and his daily walk made him a familiar sight in Ostend. He died there after a short illness, on 19 November 1949.